Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your Surrey dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. 


How is gum disease diagnosed?

This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.

A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums.

The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.

Gum Disease Diagnosis in Surrey

A diagnosis that will fall into a category below:

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.

Periodontitis

Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.

Advanced Periodontitis

The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.


« Go Back

« Go Back

Tips & Advice from Our Team

Read our blog for regular oral health tips and advice from our Surrey dentists.

What are the symptoms of sleep apnea?

What are the symptoms of sleep apnea?

Posted Oct 7th, 2019

Obstructive sleep apnea is serious disorder that interrupts breathing during sleep and can lead to a number of physical and mental health problems. Here, our Surrey dentist explains a few of the symptoms of this common disorder.

Read more

What is the cycle of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)?

What is the cycle of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)?

Posted Sep 20th, 2019

(OSA), Obstructive sleep apnea causes disruptions in breathing while sufferers are sleeping. Here’s more from our Surrey dentists on how the obstructive sleep apnea cycle works.

Read more

View All Posts

Looking for a dentist in South Surrey? We're your team.

Book A Consultation