Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your Surrey dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. 


How is gum disease diagnosed?

This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.

A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums.

The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.

Gum Disease Diagnosis in Surrey

A diagnosis that will fall into a category below:

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.

Periodontitis

Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.

Advanced Periodontitis

The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.


« Go Back

« Go Back

Tips & Advice from Our Team

Read our blog for regular oral health tips and advice from our Surrey dentists.

Oral Conscious Sedation - What to Expect

Oral Conscious Sedation - What to Expect

At Elgin Corners Dental our dentists understand that for some people, visiting the dentist can cause a great deal of anxiety. If you suffer from dental anxiety, dental sedation may be able to help you get the treatment you need, comfortably and stress-free.

Read more

What is the Invisalign treatment process?

What is the Invisalign treatment process?

Invisalign® clear aligners can straighten your teeth, and correct bite issues, without the need for wires and brackets. Here, our Surrey dentists explain how the Invisalign treatment process works, from start to finish.

Read more

View All Posts

Looking for a dentist in South Surrey? We're your team.

Book A Consultation